The equipment used by the scientific laboratories and the Laboratory of Imaging can be used for diagnostic activities on cultural heritage outside of conservation and restoration carried out by the CCR.
The study of the technique, and the state of conservation of the constituent materials (including the recognition of pigments) can be made by non-invasive investigation techniques, such as infrared reflectography, infrared false-color, infrared transillumination, the UV fluorescence, the fluorescence induced by X-rays (XRF), the reflectance spectrophotometry, the portable videomicroscopy. An innovative technique for diagnostic multispectral (Reflectance Transformation Imaging) allows to study the surface morphology of any kind of product.
The investigation on the materials can be deepened by the stratigraphic analysis of complete microframmento (preparation of polished sections, optical microscopy visible light and UV fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), elemental analysis by EDS microprobe, analysis of the ligands and finishes with the technique of infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), possibly with the addition of compositional maps SEM and FTIR.
For the recognition of class finishing and binding on microframmento, you should consider using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in different modes (ATR, reflection, transmission, diamond cell).
The analysis of textile fibers (morphologic recognition, determination of the state of conservation and characterization of microsample) makes use of transmitted light polarized optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to study the morphology.The characterization of the salts and patinas of microsamples is accomplished by infrared spectroscopy in Fourier transform in different modes (ATR, reflection, transmission, diamond cell), the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the elemental analysis with EDS microprobe .
For the characterization of mortars and plasters, we proceed to the preparation of polished sections and / or thin, observing the samples for optical microscopy in visible light and UV fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with elemental analysis by EDS microprobe .
The study of the internal structure of furniture and wooden sculptures can be made at the center thanks to an innovative system for computed tomography, developed and implemented as part of the research project neu_ART.
The verification of the conditions of temperature and relative humidity, surface temperature, lighting and other parameters at museums and exhibitions, monuments and historic buildings was entrusted to the monitoring environment.